2. Have. The helping verb have is used to make perfect tenses. The perfect tense shows action that is already completed.
3. Do. The verb “do” can perform a variety of functions:
- To make negatives: I do not care for broccoli.
- To ask questions: Do you like broccoli?
- To show emphasis: I do you want you to eat your broccoli.
- To stand for a main verb: Sam like broccoli more than Carmen does.
Modal helping verbs
Modal helping verbs help “modify” the main verb so that is changes the meaning somewhat. They help express possibility or necessity.
Here are the modal verbs:
1. Can, could.
2. May, might.
3. Will, would.
4. Shall, should.
A few points to remember about helping verbs.
- Not every sentence has or needs a helping verb.
- Any time you see a verb ending in “ing”, a helping verb usually accompanies it.
- Sometimes other words separate the helping verb and main verb in the sentence. The word “not” is an example. “Sarah couldn’t run as fast as Beth.”Here the word “not” separates the helping verb “could” from the main verb “run.”
Helping verbs are used everyday in the English language so figuring out how to recognize them and when to use them comes second nature after awhile.
- Reading Skills